The history of communication, and the development and evolution of writing instruments begins long before any of us were alive.
Sharpened stones, which were the writing tool of choice for cavemen, are widely considered the first writing instruments.
Although this invention was popular from the get-go, a new advancement overshadowed its success – the ballpoint pen.
Hungarian journalist Laszlo Biro invented the first ballpoint pen in 1938.
The asking price for a ballpoint pen dropped from .50 to less than a dollar due to high advertising costs and low quality products. introduced the Jotter, a ballpoint pen that wrote five times longer than other pens on the market, and had a variety of point sizes.
In less than a year, Parker sold 3.5 million units.
Their dreams were dashed, however, due to low quality and customer satisfaction.
Although early fountain pen models were plagued with spills and other pitfalls, the design emulated the hollowed out reeds and quill pens of previous generations.
As record keepers began developing symbols to represent words and phrases, a more portable means of communication was needed. As symbols developed and became more complex, the first alphabet replaced pictographs between 17 B. The Greeks are credited with creating the first example of writing with a pen and paper; using a stylus made of metal, bone, or ivory, scribes placed symbols on wax-coated tablets.
Across the globe, other civilizations began using primitive writing utensils as well – early Egyptians, Romans, and Hebrews used papyrus and parchment paper.
The lever filler, click filler, matchstick filler, and coin filler were soon to follow, and gave pen connoisseurs the opportunity to test different ink-filling mechanisms.
Around 1950, an ink cartridge was introduced that was disposable, pre-filled, and made of glass or plastic.